How to Spot Early Signs of Dementia in Women

Early Signs of Dementia in Women

A progressive neurological disorder which affects millions worldwide, dementia is an issue that can never be taken lightly. Women are highly vulnerable to dementia onset. For caregivers and loved ones, it is important for them to understand the early signs of dementia in women allowing for timely diagnosis and management of the disease.

Both directly and indirectly, women are disproportionately affected by cognitive decline. In this article, we delve into the key signs which indicate the onset of dementia in women.

Early Signs of Dementia in Women

Dementia symptoms in women

Dementia is not a normal part of the aging process. Recognizing the early signs can help improve the quality of life for the affected people. Some of these signs may manifest in women as follows:

  1. Women with dementia may find remembering the most recent events difficult. From struggling to remember recent conversations to failing to recall events in the recent past, women with dementia often tend to forget the essential details.
  2. Problem-solving becomes a challenge for women who have dementia as well. And here, we refer to problems such as following a recipe for pasta or paying the utility bill at a time. Concentrating on a problem and making timely decisions about it becomes a challenge for poor souls.
  3. The ability to express and communicate coherently is significantly hampered in people with dementia. Women who fall prey to this neurological disorder often struggle to find the right words and phrases necessary for proper communication.
  4. Common early signs of dementia in women include:
  • Disorientation
  • Confusion
  • Changes in mood & personality
  • Overall decline in judgement

Cognitive Decline in Women

Memory loss in elderly women

There is a particular pattern of cognitive decline in women who have dementia. Understanding this pattern can help a lot in identifying potential dementia.

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), a condition characterized by mild memory and cognitive issues, is experienced by some women before the full onset of dementia. MCI is noticeable but not severe enough to significantly interfere with daily life.

Women who suffer from MCI are at a higher risk of developing dementia later. It is pertinent to mention here that monitoring these cognitive changes can be instrumental in detecting the transition to dementia.

Memory Loss in Elderly Women

Are all memory lapses because of dementia? Certainly not, which is why it is essential to characterize the memory lapse related dementia symptoms in women.

Dementia-related memory loss is quite severe; it can significantly affect and hamper the quality of life. From forgetting crucial appointments and calls to struggling to recall crucial information.

In comparison, regular age-related memory changes are not this severe. From misplacing items occasionally to forgetting the names of a person or place, age-related memory loss is rarely a cause for concern.

Dementia Warning Signs for Females

Recognizing dementia in women

Timely medical attention and support are possible if the early signs of dementia in women can be identified. Because women with dementia find it hard to complete daily tasks, they begin to shy away from them, consciously or subconsciously.

So keeping an eye on something like this is one way of recognizing if things are going south. In some instances, withdrawal isn’t limited to the kitchen only. Social withdrawal, i.e. abstaining from social gatherings, losing interest in hobbies and saying no thanks to parties because of the embarrassment associated with cognitive difficulties, is common in women with dementia.

And last but not least, impaired visual perception, i.e. difficulty in judging distance or identifying colors and contrasts, is also a significant dementia warning sign for females. One realizes the magnitude of the problem when viewed in the scope of activities requiring proper visual ability, such as reading or driving.

Recognizing Dementia in Women

Spotting Early Signs of Dementia in Women

Let us try to tabulate what we have learned in this brief:

  • Spotting dementia in women is vital for early intervention and caregiving.
  • It is imperative to look out for early signs like memory lapses, difficulty completing tasks, and issues with coherence.
  • Women with dementia may are often prone to disorientation and personality changes, memory loss in elderly women is common as well.
  • Attention to dementia warning signs for females such as mood swings, social withdrawal, and impaired judgment is crucial.
  • After recognizing dementia in women, seeking professional evaluation and support is the way forward. Discussing these issues with a dementia care specialist can help a lot. For example, the patient might be in need of Sundowning dementia treatment, which requires a precise approach to the problem.
  • Early diagnosis allows for improved quality of life for women living with dementia.
  • Stay vigilant, and offer empathy and understanding to those experiencing cognitive decline.
  • With timely recognition, appropriate care and assistance can be provided. Diet for dementia patient, especially issues such as vascular dementia and eating problems are something that must be left to the experts only.

Early Signs of Dementia in Women – Final Thoughts

So there we are. Women experience higher disability-adjusted life years and mortality due to dementia, however, they also provide 70% of care hours for people living with dementia.

Hopefully, these lines helped you identify the major ways dementia can affect women. On that optimistic note, we bid you farewell from this – early signs of dementia in women – brief.

Why see a Dementia Neurologist?

Dementia Neurologist for diagnosis

The first step for most people who have growing concerns about the changes in the memory and behaviour of their loved one is to see their family GP, but as they are not specialists in neurology, the next step is usually a referral to a Dementia Neurologist.

This stage, can be quite an emotional time for the family as it feels that so much is at stake. Some query the necessity of seeing a Dementia doctor at all, but to do so can bring you the answers you crave and the support you will need.

Release in your mind, who your loved one used to be and accept who they are today… J Rusknak Phd

Neurologist for dementia evaluation

Neurologist for dementia evaluationA Neurologist is a doctor who specializes in disorders of the brain, diseases of the spinal cord and the body’s nervous system. They are highly trained doctors who know how to spot the subtle changes in the brain that could be causing memory problems.

It is important to take this next step so that you can get a firm diagnosis and can fully understand the options available for your loved one.

Although research into dementia is moving at a swift pace, there is no cure – as yet – but there are a variety of treatments that can reduce the symptoms. This is important because it will help your loved one maintain the best possible quality of life.

As Carol Thatcher, daughter of ex UK Prime minister, Margaret explained –

‘ Sufferers look and act the same, but beneath the familiar exterior, something quite different is going on. They are in another world and you cannot enter it’…                    Carol Thatcher

It is for this reason, that it can be so beneficial to spend time with a dementia neurologist who can give you a firm diagnosis, guide you with choosing the best treatment plan and also be there to answer your questions so that you can learn and understand more about this increasingly common brain disorder.

The World Health Organisation has stated that 55 million people worldwide have dementia and that Alzheimer disease may contribute to 60-70% of cases.

Dementia neurologist expert.

Dementia assessmentAlthough all neurologists can evaluate and diagnose your loved one, if you can be referred to a Dementia neurology, this is even better.

These doctors (who are usually Consultants) specialise in dementia and are really interested in all the latest trials taking place and the new treatments being offered. As well as conducting the necessary tests to confirm the medical condition, the neurology expert can then give some good advice and guide you to make the right decision regarding your loved one.

Importantly, they also fully understand that the diagnosis of dementia will affect all the family and the different emotions involved.

Find a dementia specialist

Dementia care neurologistIf you can arrange through your GP to see a dementia specialist, this will be a huge advantage. These specialists are well aware of what is currently being learnt about dementia.

Scientists have uncovered so much valuable information recently, and because of their specialisation in this field, the dementia specialist will be keeping abreast of all the latest research and the many medical trials.

This is truly invaluable, and something that the family doctor cannot possibly do. General neurologists can certainly perform the medical evaluation, but they too are not ideal as they do not specialise in dementia.

If you have a friend with dementia, it is well worth asking their partner to recommend their dementia neurology expert so that you can make a little research and ask your GP to refer your loved one to them.

Dementia Neurologist for diagnosis

Dementia NeurologistIt is crucial to have someone experienced to conduct the tests on your loved one. The dementia Consultants are experienced in a variety of different cognitive disorders. The most common, is dementia which is a group of diseases that affect memory, thinking skills and ability to complete normal daily tasks.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type, but other disorders include frontotemporal dementia, vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson’s, mild cognitive impairment and primary progressive aphasia – amongst others.


Dementia assessment

The dementia neurologist will spend time talking with you to establish a detailed history of your loved one’s problems – the more in-depth with information you can provide, the better. A number of cognitive functions change in a person with dementia over a period of time and the specialist will be asking you about your loved one’s –

  • The importance of using a dementia neurologistMemory
  • Language
  • Numerical skills
  • Thinking and problem solving
  • Visual perception
  • Any personality changes

Although this may seem very daunting, this appointment can be made much easier if you make notes for each of the above headings to take with you to the appointment.

Sometimes, there may be enough material provided, but usually the dementia specialist will want to conduct some brain scans, a lumbar puncture or neuropsychological assessment so they can make an accurate diagnosis.

Although these all sound quite scary, each of these will be explained to you fully in advance and a follow up appointment will be arranged. It also comes as a relief to the various challenges and changes explained to you by an experienced doctor, who very understanding and will answer all your questions.

Dementia care neurologist

Following the diagnosis, the dementia neurologist may well want to see your loved one on a regular basis. Alternatively, you will be put in contact with the dementia specialist nurse. Although this is an extremely difficult time for you and your family, you will find that there is a great deal of support.

You will be given plenty of information, practical advice and local support groups to contact either by your dementia specialist or their nurse.

In addition,  it is a comforting feeling to know that they are at the end of the telephone, should you have any queries. As the disease progresses, you will also be given practical support too, which is invaluable.

Dementia Neurologist – Final Thoughts

Caring for a loved one with dementia is certainly challenging and comes with a feeling of loss, but how you approach these changes in your loved one makes all the difference and it is essential to work with an experienced dementia care neurologist who specialises in this brain disorder as this really can make all the difference.

Specialist Dementia Care Homes

Specialist Dementia Care Homes

Specialist dementia care homes are designed for people with dementia. The buildings are usually purpose built and extremely well-designed. The members of staff are highly trained and experienced and will do their best to ensure that your loved one is kept as comfortable as possible and efforts will be made to try and reduce their symptoms wherever possible. The most reassuring point is that safety is top priority in all specialist dementia care homes.

Specialist Dementia Care Homes

Care Homes for Dementia PatientsSpecialist dementia care homes can either be residential or day-care centres. They are cleverly designed to create a warm, friendly environment that will quickly become familiar to your loved one.

The aim is for the dementia patient to be able to enjoy the best level of independence and for you, their carer, to feel happy and confident that your loved one is being really well cared for.

Although you will naturally have very mixed emotions when it comes to the time that your loved one goes to the home – even if it is for a short time to familiarise them with it, in case they need to stay there if you fall ill or are hospitalised – it will be easier for you if you know more about specialist dementia care homes.

When your loved one first goes to the home

Specialist Dementia Care Homes When a person with dementia first goes to the home, the members of staff are keen to spend time with their carer. This is so they can understand the dementia patient’s life story. By doing so they can create a treatment plan that is individually tailored to their needs.

Another big bonus for them is that they can use the information they have gleaned about the dementia patient to start conversation with them and encourage reminiscing as many dementia patients still have some long term memory.

How are dementia care facilities designed?

Specialist dementia care homes are usually purpose built facilities. They provide excellent care in comfortable surroundings. These facilities are very carefully designed so that their dementia residents find them welcoming and familiar as this reduces stress and anxiety.

  • The clever use of color

Dementia Care FacilitiesWhen memory care homes are being designed, the use of colour plays a key role. Different colours are used for different areas, walls and doors to help the dementia residents to move around more easily and confidently. This reduces their level of anxiety.

Different areas are clearly defined and there is usually excellent signage. These all help the residents find their way around. The furniture used throughout is well designed, comfortable and dementia-friendly.

  • Carefully designed lighting

With safety as the top consideration, lighting in Alzheimer care residences is given careful consideration. The lighting system is usually very sophisticated as many dementia patients suffer ‘late day confusion’ as dusk falls and can become confused, agitated and even aggressive.

Scientists have found that if the level of lighting is changed very gradually there is no negative impact on dementia patients. Yet the lighting will have slowly become subdued to help signal that bedtime is approaching.

  • Maintaining individuality

Each dementia patient has their own dedicated room. You will be encouraged to personalise it for your loved one. All homes have a name plate by the door and often a photograph, but some specialist dementia care homes also have a display cabinet that can be personalised with photographs, postcards, certain colours and cute cuddly toys – whatever familiar belongings your loved one would like to see.

Gardens that stimulate the senses

Gardens for Dementia PatientsAs well as having easy access within the home, it is important that dementia residents can freely move around the garden.

The garden is carefully designed to be flat with broad paths and plenty of seating areas. Many of the gardens are sensory gardens with plants, shrubs and herbs that stimulate the senses with their colours, fragrances and touch.

In some homes, there are sections in the garden where dementia patients can be helped to grow their own flowers and vegetables. This gives them much satisfaction and sense of achievement.

  • Security to keep dementia patients safe

Because of the nature of dementia, whilst it is important that residents feel free to move around the home and gardens as they wish, the main doors and gates leading outside the centre are securely controlled – usually using a security code keypad to open them.

Specialist dementia care homes- staff

Dementia Care Home StaffThe key component in a specialist dementia care home is its staff. Staff members take a keen interest in all the patients and know each patient’s likes and dislikes, family history and recent experiences.

They have been specially trained to cope with the unpredictable nature of dementia and many receive ongoing training to keep abreast of changes in care and the results of the latest research.

Dementia nurses understand the importance of clear sensitive communication with the dementia patient and their family.

They encourage dementia patients with a variety of daytime activities and have experience in handling difficult situations and restoring the calm. They also closely monitor any changes in dementia patients and will openly discuss these with the patient’s family.

Other types of senior living for dementia patients

While there are a number of specialist dementia care homes, many care homes do not fully specialise in the care of dementia patients but have a dementia care unit which is a separate section, floor or wing in the home.

This wing cares for residents with advanced dementia or Alzheimer’s and who are frail or have severe symptoms. The nurses in these units are also highly trained in dementia care.

If you care for your loved one at home, it can be difficult to accept that their dementia is worsening and that they need a higher level of care than you give.

You may well be feeling guilty that you have such thoughts, but if you speak to any specialist dementia nurse they will reassure you that there does come a time when no matter how much time and effort you put in, it becomes increasingly difficult – and frankly exhausting- to try and meet the increasing needs of your loved one.

Specialist Dementia Care Homes – Final Thoughts

Find the right care home is not always easy and can take time. Whether it is a specialist dementia care home or one with a dedicated section for dementia patients, it is important to make several visits and ask many questions to ensure it is going to be suitable.

Easy Meals for Dementia Patients (Guide)

Easy Meals for Dementia Patients 2

A nourishing balanced diet is important for keeping the body strong and healthy. This is definitely the case for dementia patients as poor nutrition can lead to various medical problems. These include lack of lower body strength making movement a challenge, weight loss and sometimes, an increase in behavioural symptoms. For older carers, trying to prepare tempting meals for loved ones isn’t always easy, so it makes sense to prepare easy meals for dementia patients that are tasty and simple to make…

‘Our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food’ Hippocrates

What are the basic guidelines for meals for dementia patients?

Giving your loved one a balanced diet can really boost their health. There has been plenty of research into nutrition for dementia patients and it has been found to make all the difference to the dementia patients’ level of fitness and body strength, which in turn helps maintain their quality of life.

As well as a well-balanced diet, it is important that dementia patients exercise as much as possible. Dementia patients usually find eating small, regular meals and snacks is easier than tackling large plates of food.

Sometimes differences in visual and spatial abilities can make it difficult for them to recognise certain foods. Food needs to be tempting with different colours, textures, and smells. Sometimes medication can affect your loved one’s appetite.

This can either be a change in medication, or in the dosage, and it is best to keep a close eye on things and if the problem hasn’t resolved after a week- ten days, it is good to speak with your GP.

If you find that your loved one is having problems swallowing, or is changing their eating habits, it is well worth seeking professional guidance.

A good balanced diet for dementia patients includes:

balanced diet for dementia patients

  • Plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Whole grains and pulses
  • Lean meats and fresh fish
  • Low-fat dairy products

Keeping your loved one hydrated is very important. Small drinks should be offered throughout the day – water and sugar-free drinks are ideal. A couple of cups of coffee and tea- without added sugar – are fine too.

Types of food to limit:

Types of food not good for dementia patients

  • Foods with high levels of saturated fats such as fatty cuts of meat and butter as these are bad for the heart.
  • Reduce sugar intake. Refined sugars are full of calories and low in vitamins and minerals. Try sweetening foods with a little honey or unsweetened fruit juice.
  • Salt is added to many foods and is certainly in all ready meals as it is known to enhance the flavour. Try to add no salt to your cooking and use herbs and spices to enhance flavours.


Dementia-friendly mealtimes

tempting easy meals for dementia patientsAs well as offering smaller meals, it is important to check that your loved one feels comfortable at the table and that their chair is at the correct height and distance from the table. Before you serve the meal, check it is the correct temperature and not too hot

Make sure there are no distractions such as the television and keep the table setting simple but attractive. Dementia patients can find it tricky to distinguish the food on patterned plates and tablemats.

It is far better to opt for a plain coloured placeman/ tablecloth and white plate and do not lay their place setting with too many pieces of cutlery. Never try to hurry the meal.

  • Eating is a social occasion so try to share a meal together

Easy-to-make recipes for dementia patients

It is best to choose recipes that use just a few ingredients and are quick to complete. If it is possible, involve your loved one in the meal preparation such as cleaning vegetables or measuring amounts.

Always opt for fresh seasonal produce where possible and think about serving raw foods. Carrot, celery and cucumber matchsticks are perfect with a dip such as Tzatziki, hummus or guacamole. Many dementia patients find it easier to eat finger foods and it is the ideal way to serve small portions.

10 nutritious and easy meals for individuals with dementia:

Simple recipes for dementia patients

  • A bowl of salad with some prawns, pieces of salmon, smoked trout, cold chopped chicken or chipolata tossed in.
  • Pasta and prawns – cook prawns with a little garlic and mixed herbs for a few minutes and serve on a bed of warm pasta shapes.
  • Omelette – eggs are nutritious and quick and adding some pre-cooked or leftover vegetables to an omelette makes a tasty meal.
  • Scrambled egg tastes extra good if mushroom, grated cheese, chopped ham or sweetcorn are added.
  • Jacket potato with melted cheese or pesto.
  • Easy baked salmon – place a piece on salmon on a greased piece of tin foil. Top with a chopped tomato and half a chopped onion. Bake at 200°C for 20 minutes.
  • A small individual pizza topped with sliced mushrooms, ham and cheese (muffins can be used as the base and topped with tomato paste, grated cheese, olives etc. and cooked at 200°C for 5 minutes).
  • A mini stir fry made with chopped aubergine (eggplant), chopped courgette, half a chopped onion and chopped green pepper, cooked in a little olive oil.
  • Fresh fruit salad with a spoonful of plain yoghurt on top.
  • Apple sauce with a sprinkle of cinnamon and topped with ice cream makes a tasty pudding.

There are plenty of websites for inspiration for dementia-friendly meal ideas:-

Smoothie – one of the best recipes for dementia patients

If your loved one finds eating some foods a little tricky and prefers soft foods, making a colourful nutritious smoothie can be the perfect answer as the smoothie looks colourful and is easy to drink.

The smoothie can be made using fresh seasonal fruits or you can keep a bag of frozen fruits in the freezer, with no need to defrost them!

Pop a chopped banana, handful of berries (fresh or frozen) a pot of natural yoghurt and two tablespoons of milk into an electric blender and whizz until smooth.

If your loved one likes a slightly sweeter tasting smoothie, add a spoonful of smooth peanut butter.

Making a smoothie is a very tempting easy meal for dementia patients!

Easy Meals for Dementia Patients – Final Thoughts

It is important that you prepare hassle-free meals for the elderly with dementia as there is a chance that your chosen dish may not be a big hit with your loved one. This is not as disappointing as if you had spent more time preparing it.

If your loved one doesn’t want to eat a particular dish, leave it a little while, enhance the flavour with some herbs or spices if you can and try again….


Dental Treatment for Dementia Patients

Dental Care for Memory-impaired Patients

Your smile is a powerful form of communication and reassurance to your loved one and they may well respond by smiling back, or maybe you will be rewarded with an unexpected smile when they have appreciated something you have said to them. In this guide we cover what you need to know about dental treatment for dementia patients.

Nothing you wear is more important than your smile                                Connie Stevens

It really is important to keep on top of the dental healthcare of dementia patients and to have their teeth regularly checked by a dentist as they many well not be able to explain to you that their teeth, gums or dentures are hurting them.

Dental Treatment for Dementia Patients

What dental treatment could be needed for dementia?

Dental Treatment for Dementia PatientsRegular dental treatment for dementia patients can highlight a variety of dental problems that they might not be able to explain but could be causing them pain, anxiety and loss of appetite.

A common problem is that sugar-based medication is bad for teeth and could be causing teeth decay if your loved one is not cleaning their teeth twice a day.

Another common problem found in dementia patients is that they have reduced saliva production.

An adequate amount of saliva is essential as it keeps the mouth clean, helping to prevent tooth decay and mouth ulcers.

Sometimes a reduction in saliva is caused by medication and in other cases, it is changes in brain function that has reduced saliva production.

During the middle and late stages of dementia, the oral health of your loved one may well decline as they forget to brush their teeth or do not do so adequately and it is extra important for you to keep an eye to ensure that they dental hygiene is maintained.

Dentistry for Alzheimer’s patients

Dementia and oral health solutionsIt is important to choose the dentist who treats your loved one carefully. Perhaps your family dentist is ideal and has experience of working with dementia patients and the elderly.

If they are happy to continue seeing your loved one that is great, but if they are reluctant or unsure, ask them if they can recommend a dentist who has had specialist training in geriatric dental treatment for dementia.

These dentists use various techniques to help put patients at ease and can offer different treatment options that could suit your loved one better. The cost of seeing a ‘dementia-friendly- dentist’ is usually no greater.

Dental care for memory-impaired patients

Dental care for dementia patientsPeople with dementia are prone to tooth decay and gum disease because their oral hygiene can be challenging and they cannot explain if their teeth or gums are feeling sore or hot and cold sensitive.

Your loved one needs to clean their teeth gently twice a day . They need to brush their teeth, gums and tongue. The final clean of the day should be after dinner and their bedtime meds.

Dentures should be rinsed well after every meal and brushed once a day to remove any particles of food. They should then be left to soak overnight in denture cleaner.

Once your loved one has removed their dentures, they need to clean their gums and tongue using a very soft toothbrush.

The best toothbrushes for dementia patients

Many dementia patients find it easier to brush their teeth with a children’s toothbrush as it is smaller and more manoeuvrable and the bristles are softer. In contrast, many do not like the sound of an electric toothbrush.

Giving help with dental care

Dental care for people with dementiaYou may find that your loved one may have forgotten how to clean their teeth.

Show them how by cleaning your teeth, or explain how to in short clear and very accurate sentences. You may be able to place your hand over theirs as they hold the toothbrush to guide them.

  • Sit with your loved one when they clean their teeth.
  • Squeeze a pea-sized amount of toothpaste on their brush.
  • Guide them how to clean all their teeth and then their tongue.
  • Encourage them to spit out the toothpaste when they have finished.
  • Do not rinse out their mouth as there will be a protective film of toothpaste left on their teeth.
  • Remember to replace the toothbrush every three months.

Dentists do recommend the regular use of dental floss too, but this could be ‘a bridge too far’….

It is important that your loved one does not become unhappy and agitated. If they do, try cleaning their teeth again later.

Spotting potential dental problems

Although your loved one may not be able to explain that they have a dental problem, some of their actions will, so it is good to watch out for any of the following and book a dental appointment if needed.

  • Your loved one grimaces when eating.
  • Their teeth appear to be hot and cold sensitive.
  • Their gums bleed when brushed ( this can indicate plaque, but if the bleeding continues for more than ten days, visit your dentist).
  • A tooth becomes loose.
  • Dentures appear to be fitting badly.

Dementia and oral health solutions

Teeth health for dementia patientsMaintaining good oral hygiene can be challenging, but there are some foods and drinks that help keep teeth clean too and minimising your loved one’s sugar intact will be beneficial too.

  • Give your loved one plenty of water to drink throughout the day.
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables – carrots, celery and apple are particularly good for teeth.
  • Offer a savoury cracker, pitta bread or rice cake with sugar-free spread for a snack.
  • Plain yoghurt is better for teeth than sweetened ones.
  • Avoid fruit squashes and fizzy drinks.

Dental Treatment for Dementia Patients- Final Thoughts

Do try and continue regular dental check-ups for as long as possible. When you visit the dentist take a list of your loved one’s medication with you. Certain medicines can cause oral health issues, such as having a dry mouth.

If you do detect that your loved one does have a dental problem, don’t hesitate to contact your dentist. It is important to give dental treatment for dementia patients to provide the appropriate oral care.

Day Trips for Elderly with Dementia

Day Trips for Elderly with Dementia

Enjoying a day out with your loved one can be beneficial for you both, but will require some good planning in advance. Your choice of where you spend your day out is also important and of course there will be many other aspects to consider if you are going to enjoy a trouble free day. In this article we cover all things concerning day trips for elderly with dementia.

Day Trips for Elderly with Dementia

Here we bring you tips and suggestions for senior-friendly day trips for memory impaired individuals:

A place to reminisce

Day Trips for dementia patientsPlanning a visit to a place where you used to holiday, take your children or was your favourite place to walk brings many bonuses as a day’s outing for seniors with dementia.

Your loved one will really enjoy sharing memories which will bring happiness. Plus it will evoke in them a warm feeling of accomplishment.

Visit a museum

Museums are a good choice for Alzheimer’s day trips as they can often trigger a memory or renew an interest that your loved one once had.

Visiting a museum that was a favourite in the past can be particularly rewarding.

Join in a group activity

dementia-friendly excursionsSocialising is very important and a carefully chosen group activity can be a good choice for elderly dementia-friendly excursions.

As well as enjoying the activity, your loved one will benefit from the sense of community and friendship. This can help to combat feelings of loneliness and can lift the spirits as they bond with new people.

An alternative idea is to go to a sports event together. This can again trigger memories and also encourage your loved one to socialise.

Enjoy the outdoors

Whether you plan to visit your local beach, public gardens or your favourite park or woods, being outdoors will definitely be a positive experience for your loved one’s physical and mental well-being.

A gentle walk is good exercise and being out in good weather gives the body a boost of vitamin D.  All great for joints and bones!

Enjoying time outdoors together will make your loved one feel free and more independent. This in turn can reduce stress and improve their mood. A day in the open air will also help them to sleep better.

day trips suited to people with dementiaIf your loved one enjoys gardening, time spent outdoors working together in the garden can reap many benefits and your loved one will feel a sense of achievement.

Meet some animals

Farms and petting zoos offer fun dementia-safe day trips for the elderly as most thrive on the opportunity of watching and stroking the animals and it has been proven that making a connection with animals encourages conversation and is a good mood booster for those with dementia.

Check your chosen destination is dementia-friendly

day trips for people with dementiaOnce you have decided on your day trip it is important to check that it is going to be suitable for your loved ones in terms of ease of getting around, distances involved and whether there are numerous stairs etc. to negotiate.

Does the venue have suitable parking and easily accessible walkways?

Is there plenty of seating and good toilet facilities?

What about cafés and seating under cover?

If your loved one is in a wheelchair, it is essential to check that the place you have chosen is definitely wheelchair friendly.

More and more places are becoming dementia aware and have been thoughtfully designed with clear signage. Many also have dementia- friendly staff who have been specifically trained in dementia awareness. Some places organise special events for people with dementia.

The essential 10-point dementia day trip preparation list:

easy day trips for dementia patients1. Choose somewhere for your day trip that is relatively close to home. A long journey can be stressful for people with dementia.

2. A few days before your planned visit start to keep an eye on the weather reports. Having said that, a light shower or snowfall can be fun and will stimulate your loved one’s senses and prove a real mood booster.

3. Decide when you are going to make the trip to avoid large crowds and queues if possible. It is usually best to avoid popular beaches, museums, zoos and petting farms during school holidays too.

4. Consider the possible noise levels of your chosen destination. This could prove very unsettling for your loved one.

5. Book tickets in advance and set money aside ready for any extras.

6. Plan your route if you are driving or the easiest journey if using public transport and buy your tickets in advance

7. Make a clothing list for your loved one and always add a raincoat just in case! If the weather is cooler and your loved one is in a wheelchair, take a rug to keep their legs warm. .

8. At the bottom of the list add any medications you will need to take plus any panty pads, baby wipes etc.

9. Consider the food and drink you will need. Plenty of small cups of water are ideal and finger foods work well.

10. Make sure your smartphone is well charged – not only in case you have any problems, but because you will want to take plenty of photographs.

Day Trips for Elderly with Dementia- Final Thoughts

With all this careful planning, you should both have a really good day out and in the days afterwards it will be fun to create a scrapbook of the day together. That way you can look at it regularly to relive the memories and plan your next day trip for a second scrapbook….

Cognitive Test for Dementia: Detect Early

cognitive tests for dementia

The intention of this article is to assist our readers with selecting a cognitive test for dementia.

Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia is a complex illness that can have many different symptoms and causes. As a preliminary test of a person’s cognitive abilities a cognitive test can be used. There are various cognitive tests that practitioners use.

The common tests include:

  • Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Assesses cognitive function in areas such as memory, attention, and language.
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Designed to identify mild cognitive impairment and early-onset dementia.
  • Clock Drawing Test (CDT). Assesses a person’s ability to recognize and replicate a visual stimulus. The simple test gives insight into cognitive abilities such as spatial awareness and executive function.
  • Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE). Detects early signs of cognitive, memory, and thinking impairments.

We discuss each of these tests in greater depth further into this article.

Note: the tests we have listed are preliminary tests. No single cognitive test for dementia can conclusively diagnose dementia. To have a correct diagnosis and develop a treatment plan, a thorough evaluation by a qualified medical professional is necessary.

cognitive test for dementia

The Importance of Early Diagnosis Using a Cognitive Test For Dementia

Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease are progressive brain disorders affecting memory, concentration, behavior, and emotion. Dementia is the main cause of disability and dependency amongst the elderly.

Early detection of dementia is necessary for the following reasons:

Accurate diagnosis

For the best and most suitable treatment and care it is important to have an early diagnosis.

Access to treatment

There are treatments, therapies and medications that help with managing and treating some forms of dementia. With early detection, treatments can be accessed quickly. By doing so, quality of life can be improved, and the progression of the disease may be reduced.

Better planning

When dementia is diagnosed early, plans can be made ahead. Affected people are able to make necessary lifestyle changes, and put legal and financial affairs in order while the person with early dementia is still able to participate in decision-making.

Improved support

Early diagnosis allows for early support services for the person with dementia and their family. Appropriate support services would include counseling, education, and caregiver training.


To help with efforts to better understand dementia, develop new treatments, and improve care for people with Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia, it is beneficial when the disease is detected early with individuals.

Overall, early detection of dementia is important for improving outcomes for people with this illness. It benefits loved ones caring for a dementia patient, as well as for advancing understanding of this complex condition and how to better approach it with treatment.

4 Common Cognitive Tests for Dementia

1. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)

The Mini-Mental State Examination is a cognitive test for dementia designed to assess cognitive function in adults. A series of questions are asked and participants complete tasks that evaluate various cognitive domains (orientation, attention, memory, language, and visuospatial skills).

The test takes 10-15 minutes and is scored out of 30. Higher scores indicate better cognitive function.

The test has been used widely. It is considered to be a reliable and valid measure of cognitive function.

It is not a complete diagnostic tool for dementia and therefore should be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measures conducted by a medical professional.

A limitation of the MMSE is the potential cultural and educational biases. This may affect the accuracy of the test for people who speak a foreign language or have a different cultural background.

Link to the MMSE Test.

2. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment was developed as an alternative screening tool to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).

It tests the following cognitive domains: attention, memory, language, visuospatial skills, and executive function.

This cognitive test for dementia consists of 30 items. A score of 26 or higher out of 30 is considered normal. Allow 10-15 minutes to give the test.

The MoCA is more sensitive than the MMSE in detecting mild cognitive impairment and early-stage dementia. It is becoming increasingly popular as a preliminary test.

This test has been translated into multiple languages and has been proven in a variety of populations. Therefore, it a useful test for assessing dementia in varied populations.

Once again, the MoCA should be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measures and not be used on its own to diagnose dementia.

Download MoCA PDF.

3. Clock Drawing Test (CDT)

Clock Drawing Test for Dementia

The Clock Drawing Test is a very popular, simple cognitive test for dementia. It is designed to detect early signs of dementia.

It tests visuospatial and executive function by requiring the person to draw a clock face from memory and set the time to a specific hour.

The clock test evaluates different aspects of the drawing. These include; the placement and size of the numbers, hands, and clock face.

Scoring the test is based on factors such as placement, size, and symmetry. The CDT can be a stand-alone test or used in combination with other cognitive tests. It is a sensitive and specific measure of cognitive impairment.

There are some limitations, such as the possibility of cultural and educational biases. Although it can be used as a stand-alone test, it is best used in conjunction with other tests.

Clock drawing Cognitive Test PDF.

4. Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE)

The Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam is a quick to administer screening tool.  The test assesses various cognitive domains that include orientation, language, memory, visuospatial abilities, executive function, and social cognition.

The SAGE takes 15-20 minutes to complete and consists of 12 questions.

This cognitive test for dementia is designed to be easily administered and scored by people with no formal training in cognitive testing.

It has proven to be a reliable and valid measure of cognitive function.

The SAGE can be self-administered. This allows people to conduct the test in the comfort of their own home.

Individuals can download and print a PDF of the test for administering.

The test should not be used as a sole basis for a dementia diagnosis.

Download the SAGE test.

Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE)Clock Drawing Test (CDT)Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE)
Cognitive screening toolCognitive screening toolCognitive screening toolBrief, self-administered cognitive screening tool
Used to assess cognitive function in adultsDeveloped as an alternative to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)Assesses visuospatial and executive functionAssesses various cognitive domains: orientation, language, memory, visuospatial abilities, executive function, and social cognition
Consists of a series of questions and tasksAssesses various cognitive domains: attention, memory, language, visuospatial skills, and executive functionRequires the individual to draw a clock face from memory and set the time to a specific hourConsists of 12 questions
Evaluates various cognitive domains: orientation, attention, memory, language, and visuospatial skillsConsists of 30 itemsUsed to detect early signs of cognitive impairment and dementiaTakes approximately 15-20 minutes to complete
Takes approximately 10-15 minutes to administerTakes approximately 10-15 minutes to administerEvaluates various aspects of clock drawing, including placement and size of numbers, hands, and clock faceDesigned to be easily administered and scored by individuals with no formal training in cognitive testing
Scored out of 30 pointsA score of 26 or higher out of 30 is considered normalScores are based on a variety of factors, including placement, size, and symmetryReliable and valid measure of cognitive function in older adults
Higher scores indicate better cognitive functionMore sensitive than the MMSE in detecting mild cognitive impairment and early-stage dementiaCan be used alone or in combination with other cognitive testsUseful tool for identifying early signs of cognitive impairment and dementia
Reliable and valid measure of cognitive functionValidated in a variety of populationsHas been shown to be a sensitive and specific measure of cognitive impairment in dementiaSelf-administered, allowing individuals to assess their own cognitive function in the comfort of their own home
Used extensively in clinical and research settingsTranslated into multiple languagesHas some limitations, such as the possibility of cultural and educational biasesTo be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measures
To be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measuresUseful for assessing cognitive function in diverse populationsTo be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measuresNot to be used as a sole basis for a dementia diagnosis
Not a definitive diagnostic tool for dementiaTo be used in conjunction with other diagnostic measures
Potential cultural and educational biases should be consideredNot to be used as a sole basis for a dementia diagnosis


How a Cognitive Test for Dementia Works

A person’s cognitive function are assessed using these screening tools. The tests identify mental processes such as attention, memory, language, and visual-spatial ability.

Cognitive strengths and weaknesses are identified as well as impairment or decline. The results help in the diagnosis of dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease.

5 Cognitive Domains Assessed by These Tests:

5 Cognitive Domains Assessed by These Tests:

  1. Orientation: Assesses a person’s awareness of time, place, and the ability to recognize and recall details about their surroundings.
  2.  Attention: Tests focus and the ability to maintain attention on certain tasks, and the ability to switch attention between different tasks.
  3. Memory: Tests short-term and long-term memory. Assessing the ability to encode, store, and retrieve information.
  4. Language: Can the patient communicate effectively? This test assesses the ability to understand and use language, both verbally and in writing, to express themselves, and comprehending spoken and written language.
  5. Visual-spatial ability: Can the patient perceive and manipulate visual information? The test assesses the ability to recognize and interpret shapes, sizes, and spatial relationships.

Cognitive tests evaluate the domains through a range of tasks. Examples include: recalling a list of words, naming objects or pictures, drawing a clock face, or following complex instructions.

The person’s performance on these tasks, provides insights into their cognitive abilities and identify areas of impairment or decline.

Interpreting Cognitive Test For Dementia Results

SAGE Dementia Test Health Professional Assessment

To interpret results the practitioner requires a good understanding of the type of test being used. Also, the patient’s medical history, current symptoms, and other diagnostic information would be required.

Health professionals, such as psychiatrists, neurologists, and neuropsychologists, are usually responsible for interpreting cognitive test results.

When interpreting results, doctors consider a range of factors. These include:

Test scores

The raw score on each test provide important information about a person’s cognitive abilities. This helps identify areas of strength and weakness.

Age and education level

It is important to take into consideration age and education level. This can have a large sway on cognitive function.

Medical history

Knowing an individual’s medical history provide important context for interpreting test results. Any previous diagnoses or treatment for cognitive impairment or dementia should be noted.


Current symptoms and level of functioning may also provide important understandings into the severity and nature of their cognitive impairment.

Other diagnostic information

Medical practitioners will interpret test results in conjunction with other diagnostic information. This information may include imaging studies or laboratory tests. By doing so a more thorough understanding of the person’s cognitive function is established.

Scoring Systems for Various Cognitive Tests

Each test has a different method of scoring.

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)

The test assesses orientation, attention, memory, language, and visual-spatial ability.

The test presents a series of questions. Each question is given a score based on the individual’s response.

The maximum possible score on the MMSE is 30. A score of 24 or lower indicating possible cognitive impairment.

Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)

This test assesses similar cognitive domains to the MMSE, but includes more complex tasks and measures.

The test gives a series of questions. Each is assigned a score based on the individual’s response.

The maximum possible score on the MoCA is 30. A score of 26 or lower indicates that there is possible cognitive impairment.

Clock Drawing Test (CDT)

This cognitive test for dementia assesses visual-spatial ability and executive function. The person being tested is given specific instructions requiring him/her to draw a clock face. The drawing is given a score based on accuracy and completeness.

The test is scored on a 6-point scale, with lower scores showing greater impairment.

Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE)

The SAGE assesses orientation, language, memory, visuospatial abilities, executive function, and social cognition.

The test gives a series of questions. Each question is given a score based on responses.

The maximum possible score on the SAGE is 22. A score of 14 or lower indicates that there is possible cognitive impairment.

Cognitive tests are scored based on the person’s performance on specific tasks or questions. Lower scores indicate greater impairment.

To provide a full understanding of a person’s cognitive function. Cognitive test for dementia scores should be taken in the context of the individual’s age, education level, medical history, and other diagnostic information.

Diagnoses and Treatment Plans

Brain scan to diagnose dementia

Cognitive test results are used to help diagnose and develop treatment plans for early dementia. Here are some ways that test results are used:


A Dementia Neurologist will diagnose early dementia by looking at the results of a cognitive test for dementia.

Tests such as the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE) are all used to assess cognitive function and identify potential areas of impairment.

Severity Assessment

Results of these tests can help Doctors assess the severity of early dementia.

Scores on tests such as the MMSE, MoCA, and SAGE can be used to measure the degree of cognitive impairment and by repeating the test, track changes in cognitive function over time.

From this information, the development of treatment plans that are suited to specific needs of the person can be developed.

Treatment planning

Individualized treatment plans for people with early dementia can be developed using results from tests.

Such plans may include medication to manage symptoms, cognitive rehabilitation therapy to improve cognitive function, and lifestyle modifications to promote overall health and well-being.

The specifics of the treatment plan will depend on the collation of information from test results, medical history, and other diagnostic information.


Healthcare professionals can monitor the progression of early dementia over time by analysing test results.

By regularly testing, Doctors can track changes in cognitive function and, if required, adjust treatment plans.


A comprehensive assessment of cognitive function assist Doctors develop individualized treatment plans that address the unique needs of each person with early dementia.

Limitations of a Cognitive Test for Dementia

Dementia Tests for Early Diagnosis

A cognitive test for dementia can be useful in assessing cognitive function and identifying potential areas of impairment, however, there are limitations to their use in diagnosing dementia. Here are some to consider:

Cultural and linguistic biases

Cultural and linguistic biases with some of the tests can impact test performance. For example, tests that rely heavily on language may be more difficult for individuals who speak a different language or who come from a different cultural background.

Education Level

People with low education levels may present less accurate test results. Some questions may be more difficult for those with less formal education.

Learning Effect

With repeated testing, individuals may improve their performance on cognitive tests. This can make it difficult to accurately assess changes in cognitive function over time.

Comorbid Conditions

Some medical conditions, such as depression or anxiety, can impact test performance. Such conditions may need to be considered in the diagnostic process.

Lack of Sensitivity

Some tests may not be sensitive enough to detect early stages of dementia or subtle changes in cognitive function.

Cognitive Test for Dementia – Final Thoughts

Cognitive tests play a vital role in detecting early signs of dementia. Detecting dementia early is important for effective management and treatment of the condition.

People who feel they, or someone they know, may be experiencing cognitive decline should seek professional medical advice as soon as possible. Start by talking to a primary care physician or a specialist in dementia.

Early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression of dementia and improve quality of life for both the individual and their caregivers.

Lifestyle considerations such as regular physical exercise, a balanced diet, and mental stimulation will contribute to promote better brain health and potentially reduce the risk of dementia.


SAGE Dementia Test: 15 Minute At-Home Test

SAGE Dementia Test: 15 Minute At-Home Test

The SAGE dementia test, also known as the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam, is a short cognitive assessment tool designed to help detect early signs of cognitive impairment and dementia.

The SAGE test includes several features that make useful as a screening tool:

Features of the SAGE Dementia Test

  • Self-administered: The cognitive test can be taken by the person being screened, without the need for a healthcare professional to administer it.
  • Brief: Only 15 minutes to needed to complete the test.
  • Simple language: It uses easy-to-understand language minimizing confusion and helping ensure responses are accurate.
  • Four cognitive domains: Cognitive function are assessed in four key domains. These are orientation, language, memory, and visuospatial ability.
  • Cultural neutrality: It is designed to be culturally neutral, meaning it can be utilized by people from diverse backgrounds and languages.
  • Scoring system: The test has a scoring system that helps to interpret results and identify dementia.
    Note that the SAGE dementia test is not a diagnostic tool on its own. A thorough assessment by a qualified medical professional is necessary to determine a diagnosis of dementia or cognitive impairment.

SAGE Dementia Test Health Professional Assessment

Administering the SAGE Dementia Test

The test has four parts, each of which including questions/tasks that patients must complete. Here’s a sample of questions/tasks that patients may be asked to do during the SAGE test:

  1. Orientation: Questions to gauge the orientation to time and place. For example: “What is today’s date?” or “Where are we right now?”
  2. Language: Recall the names of animals, name common items and describe similarities between objects.
  3. Reasoning: Solve simple mathematical problems, identify the next number in a sequence, and follow a set of instructions.
  4. Visuospatial skills: Draw a clock face and set the time to a specific hour, and to identify the missing parts in a picture.

Also, the SAGE dementia test includes questions that assess executive function. Examples include: identifying the appropriate word to complete a sentence and recalling details from a short story.

Scoring and Interpreting the SAGE Cognitive Assessment

SAGE Dementia Test

Scoring and interpreting the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam involves the following steps:

SAGE Test Scoring

Each question is scored separately. The total number of correct responses provide a raw score. A higher score indicates better cognitive function.

SAGE Test Interpretation

Taking into consideration of age and education level, this raw score is then converted to a standardized score. By doing so, it identifies and accounts for potential biases and differences in cognitive function that are based on factors to do with demographic.

Cut-off scores

The standardized score can then be compared to cut-off scores to identify the likelihood of dementia. For example, a score below a certain level may indicate a need for further evaluation or referral to a specialist.

Clinical judgment

The SAGE test does provide valuable information about cognitive function, however, it should be used in conjunction with other diagnostic tools and clinical judgment to establish an accurate diagnosis of dementia.

Overall, scoring and interpreting the SAGE dementia test requires careful attention to the specific questions and response options. It also requires consideration of demographics and other diagnostic information. Healthcare professionals who are trained in the use and interpretation of cognitive tests should be sort to make certain a diagnosis is accurate.

Health Professionals Planning

Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam

Healthcare professionals will assess the SAGE exam. If the test indicates cognitive impairment they may take steps to create a plan for further evaluation and treatment. These steps include:

Referral for additional testing

If the test shows a likelihood of cognitive impairment, the patient will likely be referred for additional testing to help identify the cause and severity of the dementia. Additional testing may be a more comprehensive cognitive test, blood tests or brain imaging.

Referral to a specialist

Subject to the suspected cause of the cognitive impairment, the patient may be referred to a neurologist, neuropsychologist, or geriatrician. The specialist will conduct further assessment.

Treatment planning

From the results of the test, professionals will work with the patient and their caregivers to set-up a treatment plan. The plan may include medications to manage underlying conditions or symptoms, cognitive training and rehabilitation, and lifestyle modifications.

Monitoring and follow-up

Dementia is a progressive condition. To monitor cognitive function and modify treatment plans as required, healthcare professionals may schedule regular follow-up appointments.

Limitations of the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam

The test is not a diagnostic tool on its own. Rather it is used as a screening tool that can assist with identifying people who may gain from further evaluation. The SAGE test is only the beginning of the process. Before a treatment plan can be put into place, further assessment will be required.

Download the SAGE Dementia Test

Download the SAGE dementia test HERE.

The SAGE test is difficult to administer online. It is better to download a test in your language and print it out to administer. If you are specifically looking for an online test, then you consider the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). The MMSE test is a similar test that can be administered by a person who is not trained. It also takes only 15 minutes. Here is a link to the online MMSE test.

Sage Test Final Thoughts

The Self-Administered Gerocognitive Exam (SAGE) is a simple, convenient, and effective tool for testing for dementia across several domains. It can help individuals and healthcare professionals identify possible cognitive impairment and take appropriate actions to address it.

The SAGE test is not a diagnostic tool on its own and should be used in combination with other assessment tools and clinical evaluation.

If you, or someone you know, is experiencing cognitive decline or has concerns about cognitive function, it’s necessary to seek professional medical advice.

Acting early to identifying dementia can make a significant difference in managing cognitive impairment and improving quality of life.

There are a variety of tests for assessing cognitive decline. This article explains and compares 5 different dementia tests.

Prevent Cognitive Decline- Brain Booster Reviewed

prevent cognitive decline

What is The Brain Booster Program?

Brain Booster is a unique, all-natural program specifically designed to prevent cognitive decline by tackling brain health deterioration at its source.

The very effective program provides easy to use, step-by-step guidance with specific techniques to increase brain blood flow, essential to the delivery of oxygen and nutrition and crucial for optimum brain function.

Brain Booster Program Case Study 

Why Do We Support this Program?

Primarily, we see tremendous benefit in the prevention of dementia and dementia related illnesses. Many of our articles give guidance to our viewers on dementia prevention.

The Brain Booster program gives a practical, easy-to-do, solution to reversing early cognitive decline by restoring blood flow to the brain. Their approach to the program is supported by research and acceptable professional practices.

When people follow the steps presented in the program, noticeable results are achieved within days.

This is impressive, and the company backs its claim with a 60-day money back guarantee.

In our view, there is nothing to lose and plenty to gain from giving the program a try.

prevent cognitive decline Brain Booster Reviewed

Understanding A Root Cause of Brain Health Decline

Memory loss and brain fog happen for a reason (not just old age). There are specific elements and functions in your body causing cognitive decline.

Scientists have known for many years that when blood flow to the brain is restricted, the brain is starved from the essential components it needs to function properly. These essential components are oxygen, glucose, and nutrients.

Insufficient Oxygen

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, while making up only a small part of our total body mass, the brain is the most metabolically demanding organ and utilizes 20% of the body’s oxygen.

Of this, it is estimated that neurons consume 75%–80% of the energy produced in the brain.

Therefore, it is  not surprising that the brain is one of the organs that are most prone to limited oxygen.

Without oxygen, the brain’s cells cannot metabolize glucose, and therefore cannot convert glucose into energy.

Researchers ( Hyder et al., 2013) have proven that when a brain doesn’t receive sufficient oxygen, it starts to malfunction.


Symptoms of Insufficient Oxygen to the Brain Include:

  • Forgetfulness
  • Disorientation
  • Unable to focus
  • Attention weakens
  • Become increasingly confused

If the flow of blood is slowed or blocked in any way these problems occur and will worsen over time unless oxygen to the brain is restored.

Research has proven this in both mice (Medical News Today) and with humans (see ‘Bonus Research’ below).

What Happens When There is a Major Lack of Oxygen to the Brain?

Brain Plaque

Throughout the brain a sticky substance call plaque is created, interfering with how the brain neurons fire. In a healthy brain these plaques are rare.

In a brain not receiving sufficient oxygen the plaque continues to accumulate over time, worsening the conditions associated with mental decline (Small et al., 1995Silverman et al., 2001) (See ‘Bonus Research’ below).

Oxygen for the Metabolism of Glucose

In addition, without energy to power the brains neurons, brain cells will not function as they should and may die. Oxygen is needed to metabolize glucose into energy.

Research shows that this disruption of oxygen metabolism is a root cause of various age-related neurodegenerative diseases associated with cognitive decline.  (Tabrizi et al., 2000Silverman et al., 2001; Zhou et al., 2008).

What the Brain Booster program does do is reverse the process. It is like turning the tap of oxygen and nutrients to the brain back on. Do this and the brain is on its way back to working as it should.

The reversal process can be noticeable quite quickly.

Who Created the Brain Booster Program?

Brain Booster was developed by Christian Goodman.

Christian Goodman, CEO of Blue Heron Health News, has an obsession for natural health research. He and his like-minded team have found solutions to different health problems that are rampant in modern society.

Goodman’s approach to tackling illness is to address the cause of the problem stemming from lifestyle circumstances. His is a natural approach.

Why Not Use Drugs?

Goodman’s view is that drugs prescribed will, in most cases, only mask the illness or suppress the symptoms, however, the underlying illness is still there.

Prescribed drugs may help some health conditions, but with the brain it is far better to deal with the root problem, not mask symptoms.

Christian Goodman has taken known science and already proven methods, bringing them together to create the Brain Booster program. He 100% guarantees his programs.

reverse early dementia symptoms

Understanding Why Blood to the Brain is Being Restricted

Blood travels through veins, arteries, and capillaries. These must pass through the tissues of the body. There isn’t a lot of space. Space is needed to allow the vessels to expand and contract as blood is pumped by the heart

When the body is functioning normally, veins, arteries and vessels will be able to do this efficiently and pump blood ladened with oxygen and nutrients to the brain.

However, if the surrounding tissues are tight and inflexible then the vessels will be restricted on their ability to expand with each heartbeat.

Internal muscles do get tight as people get older. This is not always noticeable until it causes problems- like brain decline.

The Brain Booster Program starts the flow of oxygen-rich blood back to the brain within days.

Restoring Brain Health

Brain Booster’s key principals to reversing cognitive decline are:

1.Breathing for the Brain

We breath 20 000 times a day. Having only a slight decline in a breath may seem to be nonproblematic in passing oxygen to the brain. However, 20 000 breaths, will lead to a greater deficiency of oxygen. This will be repeated day after day.

A small improvement in the efficiency of oxygen to the brain can make a large difference.

2.Fixing the Muscles that Are Suffocating the Brain

Tense, inflexible internal muscles that are restricting blood flow in veins, arteries and vessels can be loosened up to oxygen and nutrients to the brain.

Loosening up of muscles works in conjunction with breathing for the brain. No point in breathing for the brain and having muscles restricting the flow of blood.

3.Target Oxygen Directly to the Brain

Oxygen deprivation to the brain affects certain areas of the brain. These areas differ from person to person- hence symptoms differ from person to person.

The program uses techniques to move blood from one brain area to another, diverting it so the whole brain gets blood flow.

Brain Booster’s Exercise Techniques

The basis of the program are daily exercises utilizing the breath and body.

Not to fear, these are not strenuous difficult exercises that raise a sweat. They can be done whilst sitting, going for a walk, watching TV, or when driving. There are different exercises to choose from.

What to Expect from the Program

The Brain Booster program is 100% safe and completely natural with no equipment required. You can do the program in the comfort of your own home with your own schedule. It doesn’t take a great deal of time, nor strenuous exercises.

The Brain Booster exercises are simple, feel good and therapeutic. They are not strenuous.

  • Body Balance Exercises
  • Breathing Exercises
  • The Mind Body Exercise
  • Head Muscle Exercises

The exercises will involve deep breathing– step-by-step guidance provided in the program. (see notes under Bonus Research on focussed breathing)

The whole program is completely digital. It can be downloaded onto your smartphone, tablet device, kindle or desktop computer.

This allows you easy quick access to the program wherever you may be- important for keeping you on track.

For those of you not so tech savvy, simple step by step instructions are given to show you how to put Brain Booster on your devices.

What You’ll Learn in the Brain Booster Program

The program begins by giving you the foundations of the treatment and how to get the most from it.

Next, the program goes into the process of healing.

The exercises are divided up into categories. Each exercise comes with step-by-step instructions and diagrams on how to do each exercise.

For best results, exercises should be completed every day, however, if that doesn’t suit, the program does provide other options.

At the conclusion of the program there are tips on what to do moving forward. This is so you learn how to keep the benefits flowing.

Program Table of Contents

  • Welcome
  • How the Program Works
  • How to Work the Program
  • Breathing Exercise 1
  • Body Balance Exercises
    • Freeing the Neck
    • Increase Blood Flow to the Brain to Prevent Cognitive DeclineExercise 1
    • Exercise 2
    • Exercise 3
    • Exercise 4
    • Calf Drop
    • Feet on the Wall
    • Sitting Floor
    • The Relaxed Frog
  • Breathing Exercises
    • Nostril Balance
    • Rhythmic Walking
    • Breathing Laughter
  • Head Muscle Exercises
    • Chewing
    • About to Yawn
    • Delightful Surprise
    • Tongue Rolling
  • The Mind Body Exercise
    • 1-2-3-4 Exercise
  • Beyond This Program

Our Verdict ✅

Providing a simple, easy to do, solution to reversing cognitive decline offers our viewers an opportunity to improve their brain health or the health of their loved ones.

This is a unique program helping to prevent the onset of dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. We haven’t seen any like it.

Employing science and proven methods, the Brain Booster repairs damage to the brain, restoring brain health. In doing so optimal blood flow to the brain is rectified, delivering essential oxygen and nutrients.

Giving your brain a boost using an all-natural process without medications, equipment nor strenuous exercise is a huge plus. Anyone can do the program easily from their home.

The program is inexpensive, providing tremendous value.

Christian Goodman backs Brain Booster with a 100% money back guarantee, with 60 days for you to use the program and discover for yourself its benefits. If is not for you then you can easily get a full refund.

Bonus Research

Focussed Breathing

Researchers at Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience and the Global Brain Health Institute discovered that focused breathing directly influences levels of noradrenaline, a natural brain chemical messenger.

Noradrenaline is released into the bloodstream when you are curious, focused, or emotionally aroused. It heightens your attention to detail and enhances overall brain health by promoting the growth of new neural connections.

Plague and Reduced Oxidation of Glucose Leading to Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s mostly affects short-term working memory and is classified by the presence of two hallmark neuropathologies; extracellular amyloid plaques and abnormal accumulations of a protein called tau that collect inside neurons.

In AD patients, regional decreased brain glucose consumption is a predictor for progressive cognitive decline and reduced oxidation of glucose is associated with carriers of the AD risk allele of the APOE-4 gene (Small et al., 1995Silverman et al., 2001).

Cell Death of Neurons

Oxygen and glucose deprivation to the brain cause cell death Study Sept 2020 National Center for Biotechnology

The Brain Booster Program


Hyder, F., Rothman, D. L., and Bennett, M. R. (2013). Cortical energy demands of signaling and nonsignaling components in brain are conserved across mammalian species and activity levels. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A 110, 3549–3554. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1214912110

Zhou, C., Huang, Y., and Przedborski, S. (2008). Oxidative stress in Parkinson’s disease: a mechanism of pathogenic and therapeutic significance. Ann. N Y Acad. Sci. 1147, 93–104. doi: 10.1196/annals.1427.023

Silverman, D. H., Small, G. W., Chang, C. Y., Lu, C. S., Kung De Aburto, M. A., Chen, W., et al. (2001). Positron emission tomography in evaluation of dementia: regional brain metabolism and long-term outcome. JAMA 286, 2120–2127. doi: 10.1001/jama.286.17.2120


Lewy Body Dementia Story: Coy’s Journey

Donna Pittman Father Coy with Lewy Body Dementia

My family’s Lewy body dementia story began with a misdiagnosis. My father was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in 2013 after a long heart-valve surgery. He spent extended time under anesthesia and then had to go under again a few days later to resolve the first of many complications. My mother and I noticed that the man who left the hospital and rehabilitation center almost thirty days later was not the same man who had entered the hospital.

Early Signs

One of the first signs that my father’s brain was not well was that he lost the ability to balance his checkbook. He had always been meticulous about balancing his checkbook down to the last cent. At that point, my mother took him for testing with his primary care physician, who mistakenly determined that my father was in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. He told us that the long hours under anesthesia had most likely aggravated the condition.

The incorrect diagnosis was not unusual. The Lewy Body Dementia Association reports that LBD is the second most common type of dementia but the most misdiagnosed. It impacts one million people in the US each year.  It is frequently diagnosed as Alzheimer’s disease because there is no specific test to differentiate it until after the death of the patient.

5 Lewy Body Dementia Symptoms My Father Had

However, as the years passed, some of his symptoms just did not fit the Alzheimer’s profile. Here are five Lewy body dementia symptoms that led to my father’s eventual diagnosis:

  1. My father had fluctuating levels of confusion and concentration. On certain days, he appeared to be fine cognitively.  He held conversations, worked around the house, and completed tasks as he normally would have.  On other days, he would forget how to drive home from the grocery store or operate the microwave.
  2. He had severe sleep disturbances. He would act out dreams, often violently. My father would have extreme daytime drowsiness. Some days, he would sleep for a total of 18-20 hours in a 24-hour period.
  3. His movements changed. He developed hand tremors and began to shuffle instead of walking normally. His balance became impaired, and he suffered several falls. At 230 lbs., picking him up was nearly impossible. Parkinson-like symptoms are a hallmark of LBD.
  4. He began to have auditory and visual hallucinations (which was our PRIMARY clue). He would think he saw children playing in the floor or a group of women talking in the other room. My father would hear people having conversations in another room when no one was there. He began to believe his home was haunted and became fearful.
  5. He began to have violent outbursts toward others. He kicked and hit my mother as well as nurses, doctors, and the hospital security guard. During the times he was so volatile we took him to the nearest emergency room for help.


Finally, in the summer of 2019, my father began wandering.  Several times, my mother would wake up and find him missing in the middle of the night.  She would drive through their small town searching for hours and eventually locate him. The wandering, plus the above symptoms, made her realize that she could no longer keep him safe in their home.

In early October, my father spent one week in a geriatric psychiatric hospital where he was diagnosed tentatively with Lewy body dementia.  He had several medications changed because certain anti-psychotic medications that he was on were actually making him worse.  He then moved into a dementia-care facility.

Nightmare Experience with Dementia-care Facility

We thought that we were making the best decision, but the dementia-care facility was understaffed, poorly-run, and did not understand how to work with LBD patients, especially large, sometimes-aggressive males.  The four months he spent there were a nightmare.  We were frequently called because they could not handle his behavior. Twice, he was sent via ambulance alone to the local ER, where he could not remember his current address or phone number- just his name and birthdate. We were honestly appalled at the care he received.  We once arrived for a visit, and his Depends had a date and time written on it 22-hours earlier. He had worn the same soiled adult diaper for nearly 24-hours.

His behavioral issues spiraled, and after he choked a female nursing assistant one evening, he was sent for another stay at a different geriatric psychiatric hospital.  There, he was so heavily medicated, he couldn’t lift his head.  My father didn’t seem to recognize his family or understand his surroundings at all. He was propped up in a wheelchair during the day, but he struggled to even open his eyes during visits.

He was allowed to return to his dementia-care facility after this stay. Although weak and over-medicated, he was no longer violent. At this time, my father was placed under hospice care, and a wonderful hospice nurse named Robin entered our lives.

I cannot say enough about the difference Robin made. She was a fierce advocate for him with the facility staff. She treated him as if he were her own father. She advised us to get him out of the current living situation.


In February of 2020, just before the start of covid, we found another assisted-living facility with a locked dementia wing.  He was much happier there and was better cared for in the new facility.  In March, they closed their doors to visitors, which was devastating to us as a family, but Nurse Robin texted us pictures, called us on Facetime, and kept us in contact with him.

Final Stages of Our Lewy Body Dementia Story

On May 6, we received the call we had been expecting for quite some time.  Robin believed the end was near and despite covid regulations, the assisted living would allow us to be with him in his private room until he passed.  My mother rushed to the facility and found my father emaciated (he had stopped eating and drinking for the past week) and agitated.

She tried to calm him for hours, and then he finally fell into a deep sleep.  He was in that sleep when I arrived from out of town, and for the next three hours, my mother and I sat by his bedside. I will never forget the sound of the death rattle and counting the seconds between his breaths until the next one didn’t come.

Even though the last months of his life were rife with turmoil, he died peacefully around midnight. There was no struggle, no dramatic exit.  For my mother and me, it was a moment of both sadness and relief.

Lewy body dementia story
Photo of Donna and her father on their last Thanksgiving together.

Author Bio

Donna Pittman is a writer and community-college professor from Tennessee.

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